This page will serve as a study guide for the final exam. I will continue to add to and edit it to the final day of the semester. These are practice questions for the final exam. Something very like them (nudge, nudge, wink, wink) will appear on the final exam. If there is subject matter that you think should be included, or a kind of essay question you'd like to see on the final, you should propose it on the Sakai discussion site where we can discuss it together, and I will take all such suggestions under advisement.
- For all of the following questions, make sure that any generalizations you make are accompanied by specific evidence: people, places, events.
- What were the long-term effects of the climate change and age of plagues that began during the fourteenth century (textbook question p. 478)
- How did the Mongol invasions of the thirteenth century affect the political circumstances of Europe, or of the Islamic world?
- What were the causes and consequences of Chinese imperialism? How was it similar to, or different from European imperialism. There are several eras that may be relevant to this question. Be very specific about what period you're discussing.
- What is a joint stock company? Give several examples, and outline their historical effect in their areas of activity. You may also consider how their overseas ventures were similar to or different from later forms of imperialism.
- How do we get from the Declaration of the Rights of Man to the Communist Manifesto? In your answer you will need to consider the causes and consequences of Industrialization, the Napoleonic wars, and the French Revolution.
- In the nineteenth century it was said that "the sun never sets on the British Empire." What does this mean? What were the causes and consequences of the British rise to imperial dominance?
- How does the idea of the "state" change during the nineteenth century? What were some of the causes of that change?
- What was the role of religion in territorial expansion? Obviously this question will be relevant to every period and region we've examined, so you will have to choose specific historical circumstances, specific places, and be very clear about their limits. You may confine yourself to one clearly defined historical situation, or you may choose to describe more than one and discuss how they are similar or different.
- Primary Sources
- In your answers to any of the essay questions above you will score BIG points if you can adduce evidence from the primary sources we have read. To prepare for the exam I recommend that you go back over the schedule of lectures and readings, re-familiarize yourself with the sources we have read, and note which ones might be relevant to the questions above, and how.
Similarly, the events and people that we have put on our timeline can serve as evidence for any arguments you might make in response to the essay questions. Go through those events, familiarize yourself with their details, and assign each to one or more of the essay questions above.
These essay questions invite historical arguments. For such arguments you need ammunition, the primary sources and the elements of the timeline can be your ammunition, your evidence.
- Albert Memmi The Colonizer and the Colonized
These are some questions I'd like you to consider while you read Memmi's book. Other questions may occur to you that would help to illuminate the book. You should post these on the Sakai discussion site where we can discuss them together, or take them up in class.
Note that if questions like these are posed in the final exam, you will need to provide some relevant historical context for your answer: ninteenth century colonialism in general, French colonialism in particular, the Tunesian and Algerian situation peculiar to Memmi's analysis, or the historical background that is relevant to any examples you may discuss.
- What's the difference between a colonized person, a colonist, and a colonialist?
- How is colonialism different from some other sort of institutionalized inequality, a class structure say, or a caste system?
- What is the role of socialism and Marxist thought in Memmi's analysis? Or, to put it another way, how does Memmi's work fit within the historical development of Marxist thought?
- What is the "Nero complex"? What is the role of psychoanalytical thought in Memmi's work? What is the historical context for that role?
- Can Memmi's analysis be useful for understanding pre-industrial imperialism and colonization efforts? In your answer please refer to specific historical circumstances.
- Map Section
- Be sure that you can identify the following places, regions, on a map. I will choose some subset of these for the final exam.
- Tigris River
- Indus River
- St. Lawrence River
- the Alps
- the Pyrenees
- the Atlas mountains
- the Ural mountains
- the Zagros mountains
- trade winds
- Amazon river
- Cape of Good Hope
- Yellow River
- Mekong river
- Iberian Peninsula
- Isthmus of Panama
- monsoonal winds
- Mediterranean Sea
- Baltic Sea
- Black Sea
- Indian Ocean
- Caribbean Sea
- Red Sea
- Persian Gulf
- Mexico City
- Hudson Bay
- the Balkans
- Andes mountains
- westerly winds