. Based on this excerpt from the Imperial Exam, what can we know about the Chinese society and government? How might such a society react to a catastrophe like the Black Death? What do sources from other regions tell us about the social consequences of the plague?
Friday, September 21
Discussion: Compare and contrast Pico Della Mirandola's Dignity of Man, and John Ball's Sermon. Do these texts in any way set the stage for the kind of imperialism described in this chapter? (A longer and more complete excerpt from Dignity of Man can be found here in a different translation.)
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 16: Imperial Arenas
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 17: The Ecological Revolution
- Monday, September 24
Preliminary close-reading exercise is due today. Please remember that while this assignment will not have an impact on your final grade, it is nevertheless required.
Chapter Review: Chapter 15 and the beginning of Chapter 16. For discussion today please consider: What were the most important factors that contributed to, or limited, Oceanic, or Maritime Imperialism especially in China and Europe? What encouraged Europeans to engage in Maritime Imperialism, what encouraged China to stop? Consider too, the nature of Empire: What makes an empire different from a "nation"?
- Wednesday, September 26
Discussion: Primary source: Jan Van Linschoten on Dutch business in the Indian Ocean. What were the reasons for the success of the Dutch in the Asia Trade? What is a Joint-Stock Company?
- Friday, September 28
Discussion: For discussion today, please read Gaspar Correa, 1502 (gaspar.pdf); Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq on Suleiman the Magnificent (lawgiver.pdf); and the documents in "Japan Encounters the West" (japanwest.pdf).
How do the primary sources we have considered this week serve as evidence for the arguments that Fernández-Armesto makes in chapter sixteen?
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 18: Mental Revolutions
- Monday, October 1
Workshop: Building the class timeline.
- Wednesday, October 3
Discussion: Bartoleme de las Casas, excerpt from Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies (bartoleme.pdf).
- Friday, October 5
Discussion: Bernal Diaz del Castillo, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (delcastillo.pdf), and an Excerpt from The Broken Spears (spears.pdf).
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 19: States and Societies
- Monday, October 8
Lecture: Reformation, Counter-Reformation, and the Triumph of the State in Europe.
- Wednesday, October 10
Discussion: Domingo Navarete, “Of My Stay in the Kingdom of Macasar” (navarrete.pdf), and Matteo Ricci, selections from his Journals (ricci.pdf).
- Friday, October 12
Discussion: Pope Paul III, Sublimus Dei (popepaul.pdf), and Saint Francis Xavier on conversion of the Indians (xavier.pdf).
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 20: Driven by Growth
- Monday, October 15
Discussion: Jean Bodin, from Six Books of the Commonwealth (bodin.pdf) & Hugo Grotius, selections from On the Law of War and Peace (grotius.pdf).
What is Sovereignty? How did the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries contribute to the development of this idea? Who were the analogous political theorists in other parts of the world?
- Wednesday, October 17
- Friday, October 19
Mid-Semester Break: No Class
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 21: The Age of Global Interaction
- Monday, October 22
The close-reading exercise on Jean Nicollet is due today.
Please also return to the question from last week about political theory. We've talked about the nature of Bodin's sovereignty; How did the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries contribute to the development of this idea? And especially consider political theory and organization in the Ottoman Empire, Mughal India, Safavid Persia, and China. Together we'll have a look at the Letter from Selim I to Ismail I.
- Wednesday, October 24
Please read for today the excerpts from Malthus's Essay on the Principle of Population (malthus.pdf) & Condorcet's Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind (marquis.pdf). Consider for today what might explain the rapid world-wide population growth of the 18th century, and more important, what historical consequences did it have?
- Friday, October 26
We're meeting in the library today to dispell the mysteries of XML, HTML, and FTP. Make sure you bring your xml file with you on disk, or make sure you have it uploaded to your web directory.
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 22: The Exchange of Enlightenment
- Monday, October 29
As we look this week at the expansion of 18th century empires, let's review what we know about the "global" empires of the 16th & 17th centuries. What kinds of colonization and imperialism did we find there, and how are these likely to be different in view of the demographic and economic changes discussed in chapter 20?
- Wednesday, October 31
Today we'll meet at the Library (in the basement, instruction rm. B) for an introduction to available historical resources relevant to your term papers.
- Friday, November 2
Writing Workshop: Thesis Formulation
Read the chapter on the Enlightenment with special care, the ideas thought to characterize this era are profoundly influential to this day. Moreover, those ideas will figure prominently in the final weeks of this course.
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 23 & 24: The Energy Revolutions and The Social Mold
- Monday, November 5
Chapter Review: This week we need to consider the 18th century context that produces both slavery on a grand scale and the ideals of the enlightenment. Why does Fernández-Armesto begin chapter 21 with a discussion of the Sayid dynasty of Oman?
- Wednesday, November 7
Discussion: What does race have to do with slavery? Please read and be prepared to discuss: Olaudah Equiano, from The Interesting Narrative & Phillis Wheatley, To the Right Honourable William, Earl of Dartmouth….
- Friday, November 9
Discussion: Compare and contrast Voltaire, On Universal Toleration & Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws. These two have quite different ideas, why are they both considered "enlightenment" thinkers?
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 25: Western Dominance
- Monday, November 12
This week I'd like to continue with our discussion of some of the primary sources of the Enlightenment. What happened to these noble enlightenment sentiments and renaissance notions such as the "Dignity of Man" of Pico della Mirandola in the process of industrialization discussed in Chapter 23.
- Wednesday, November 14
Discussion: Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract, 1763; Immanuel Kant defines the Enlightenment, 1784; & the Declaration of the Rights of Man 1791.
- Friday, November 16
Discussion: Benjamin Disraeli, excerpt from Sybil, or The Two Nations, & Karl Marx, the
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 26: The Changing State
- Monday, November 19
Chapter review ch. 23&24
- Wednesday, November 21
- Friday, November 23
Fernández-Armesto, The World: A History. Chapter 27 & 28: The Twentieth-Century Mind and World Order and Disorder
- Monday, November 26
the Term Paper is due in class today
Discussion: For discussion today, please read that portion of James Monroe's message to Congress on December 2, 1823 known as the "Monroe Doctrine" and consider whether this doctrine is isolationist or hegemonic. Consider too what effect, if any, it may have had on imperialism in Africa and Asia.
- Wednesday, November 28
Lecture: Comparative Colonization: the Algerian example
Discussion: Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden, and Edward D. Morel, The Black Man’s Burden.
- Friday, November 30
Discussion: Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized, part one "Portrait of the Colonizer".
- Monday, December 3
Discussion: Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized, part two "Portrait of the Colonized".
- Wednesday, December 5
Discussion: Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized, Conclusion.
- Friday, December 7
Tuesday, December 11, 1:00 — 2:50 PM